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Privacy Regulations Reference
Last updated: September 11, 2021
European Union General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)
Xevol is an American company and our data infrastructure is currently based in the US. That means if you are in another country in the world and you use our products, your data are transferred to the US. The EU has stronger privacy laws than the US and a core tenet of the GDPR is that if you transfer any personal data of EU residents out of the EU, you must protect it to the same level as guaranteed under EU law. There are two factors to this:
- The practices that businesses take handling personal data; and
- The laws of the countries where you transfer the EU personal data to
Practices we have at Xevol
- We never have and never will sell customer data.
- We don’t run ads for other services in our products.
- We limit the data we collect: if we don’t need it, we don’t ask for it.
- We limit the permissions our apps request on your devices.
- We put a lot of security measures into place including in-transit encryption, encryption at-rest, and requiring employees and contractors to sign non-disclosure agreements.
- When you email us at email@example.com, someone from our Privacy Working Group will get back to you. You are always speaking with a human! No bots.
We do work with sub-processors. We’ve listed links to our current sub-processors at the end of this page. With each vendor, we assess their commitment to privacy and we sign a data processing addendum with them that include the controller-processor Standard Contractual Clauses.
Last but not least, we know privacy regulations are constantly evolving. We root for stronger consumer privacy laws! Several Xevolers are members of the International Agency of Privacy Professionals and use IAPP resources alongside legal counsel to stay aware of relevant changes in the regulatory landscape.
Relevant US laws
The US does not have a national consumer privacy law akin to GDPR. We’d love to see one put in place and until then, shout out to California for leading with the California Consumer Privacy Act ("CCPA" — more information following this GDPR section) and our spiritual home state of Illinois for its Biometric Information Privacy Act.
There are national US security laws that are relevant to GDPR. Chief amongst them are: the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) and Executive Order 12–333. FISA establishes ways for US law enforcement and intelligence agencies to gather information within the US about non-US entities suspected of espionage or terrorism. Executive Order 12–333 sets out how US intelligence agencies can gather information, including outside the borders of the US.
Virtually every American software service is subject to FISA. That includes all the American big tech companies you can think of as well as any European service that uses cloud infrastructure from Amazon Web Services, Microsoft Azure, or Google Cloud Computing. It also includes small tech American companies like us, Xevol Inc.. However to date, Xevol has never been served a FISA order or National Security Letter.
Even so, these laws are relevant for why extra mechanisms need to be in place to allow the legal transfer of personal data from the EU to the US. Since GDPR went into effect in 2018, Xevol has offered two such mechanisms: a data processing addendum; and voluntary participation in the EU-US Privacy Shield Framework and the Swiss-US Privacy Shield Framework. Currently, the data processing addendum is the primary mechanism as the Privacy Shield frameworks were invalidated in July and September 2020 respectively.
Data processing addendum
As of October 5, 2020, we have incorporated a Data Processing Addendum (DPA) to our Terms of Service. You can find the DPA linked within clause 7 of the Uptime, Security and Privacy section. This addendum is in effect when the General Data Protection Regulation applies to your use of Xevol Services to process Customer Data as defined in the DPA. The DPA includes the European Commission’s Standard Contractual Clauses (both controller-processor and controller-controller) to extend GDPR privacy principles, rights, and obligations everywhere personal data is processed. The European Commission recently proposed updates to these Standard Contractual Clauses and if officially adopted, we will update our DPA to incorporate the updated clauses within the granted transition period.
On July 16, 2020, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) made a ruling, colloquially called “Schrems II”. The CJEU ruled that when you use the Standard Contractual Clauses as the basis for the transfer of personal data from the EU to the US (and a few other countries) on the basis of Standard Contractual Clauses, extra scrutiny and safeguards must be in place. This ruling has opened up a lot of questions, including what qualifies as those extra safeguards. This crowdsourced webpage lists statements made by different Data Protection Authorities to date. Following the Schrems II ruling, we went back over our data flows and our obligations under the Standard Contractual Clauses. We wanted to make sure we can live up to those obligations, and we can. We also researched the means of recourse we could take in the theoretical event we are served a FISA warrant (which again, has not happened to date).
If you are a Data Controller under GDPR (i.e a business working with personal data of EU residents), we encourage you to take stock of your personal data flows and vendors too. The European Data Protection Board issued a draft set of guidelines on November 11, 2020 with specific recommendations for EU-based businesses transferring personal data out of the EU.
A note about Privacy Shield
Since its establishment, Xevol has also voluntarily participated in the EU-US and Swiss-US Privacy Shield Framework. The same Schrems II ruling from the Court of Justice of the European Union invalidated the EU-US Privacy Shield program as a mechanism for data transfer from the EU to the US. On September 8, 2020, Switzerland’s Federal Data Protection and Information Commissioner also invalidated the Swiss-US Privacy Shield program.
We are still certified under, and follow, both Privacy Shield Frameworks. However, they no longer serve as legal mechanisms for the transfer of EU personal data to the US.
California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA)
In the CCPA, there is an important distinction between what are referred to as “service providers”, “businesses”, and “third parties”. You can see how the regulation defines these words by visiting the California Attorney General’s website: https://www.oag.ca.gov/privacy/ccpa.
Under the CCPA, Xevol is a “service provider.” That means when we process data you provide, we do so solely for the purpose you signed up for. Our business model is simple: we charge a recurring subscription fee to our customers. We do not sell personal information or use your data for any other commercial purposes unless with your explicit permission.
US Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)
Our products are currently not HIPAA-compliant and we do not have immediate plans to become so.
Xevol uses third party subprocessors, such as cloud computing providers and customer support software, to provide our services. We enter into data processing agreements including GDPR Standard Contractual Clauses with each subprocessor, and require the same of them.
You can see which subprocessors we use by application by viewing the following linked lists:
We also use other software as a company that are not part of providing our services but may collect your personal information for other purposes. You can view this list of processors in the following page: Company processors